Over the next two weeks, global leaders will gather in Sharm el Sheikh, Egypt, to discuss climate-related topics, as countries address the struggle to cut greenhouse gas emissions amid a global energy crisis, war in Europe and rising inflation.
Africa is home to some 17% of the world's population, but contributes only 2% to 3% of its carbon emissions, and according to the Energy Democracy Initiative, there are three key drivers for a global energy transition away from fossil fuels. The first is the imperative for all governments and non state actors to take urgent action to address climate change. The second is the need for energy security. The third is the massive advances made in the past few years, in terms of technology, innovation and affordability by the renewable energy sector. The key challenge for such a transition in South Africa is that the shift away from the dependence on coal is managed in a manner that addresses the most pressing socio-economic challenges, namely poverty and inequality.
Last year, South Africa, the continent's most industrialised economy, secured $8.5 billion in loans and grants from a group of rich countries. However, President Ramaphosa told Parliament days before flying out to Egypt to attend COP27 that the money was not enough, with the release of a just transition investment plan suggesting that South Africa would need $83bn over the next five years for its plans to cut carbon emissions, harness economic opportunities from the energy transition, and support affected communities. Earlier, the World Bank indicated that South Africa would need around $500bn by 2050 to achieve carbon neutrality.
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The Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme (REIPPPP) was announced in August 2011, and has since allocated projects to over 92 Power Producers, injecting over 6,300MW of power into the power grid, mainly from solar and wind generation. These sources currently make up about 8% of South Africa’s energy mix, but a target of 50% electricity from renewables is perfectly feasible and is the minimum that the country should aspire to.
In South Africa, companies are using M&A to accelerate shifts in their portfolios. Fluid M&A market dynamics will continue to provide a myriad of opportunities for resilient companies to transform their portfolios and reposition themselves for the great energy transition, which will involve both divestments of high-carbon assets and investments in the energy transition.
Articles carried in this feature give insightful information on this topical issue, and the “Meet the Specialists” section introduces some of those individuals who have made dealmaking in the energy space their passion.